A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be caused by a blow to the head which either breaks through the skull and damages the brain or causes the brain to move within the skull enough for damage to occur.
Approximately 1.5 million people in the U.S. sustain a brain injury each year — about 50,000 of whom will die because of the injury and another 80,000 brain injury victims will be left with long-term disabilities.
A majority of traumatic brain injuries — about 50 to 70 percent — are the result of automobile accidents, including motorcycle wrecks, bicycle accidents or pedestrian crashes. Other causes include acts of violence, slip and falls, construction accidents, and sports-related injuries.
No matter the cause, if you or a loved one has suffered one of these catastrophic injuries through the fault of another, please seek legal help from Avrek Law Firm’s attorneys without delay.
Brain Injury Causes
Falls are the leading cause of TBI, accounting for 28 percent of injuries. Motor vehicle accidents are also a major factor, accounting for an additional 20 percent. When serious brain injuries requiring hospitalization are considered separately, roughly half are the result of motor vehicle accidents, according to the Centers for Disease Control.
Additionally, brain injuries can result in hospitals from surgical errors, improper monitoring of oxygen levels, unnecessary surgery, improper use of anesthesia, improper intubation, hypoxia, the erroneous prescription of medications, as well as many other causes. They can also be the result of nursing home abuse and neglect, drowning, and smoke inhalation.
Brain Injury Symptoms
Brain trauma plays out in two phases: the initial damage to the brain at the time of the injury. A second injury may include a variety of events that take place in the hours and days after the first injury. The second injury results from changes to blood flow and pressure within the skull.
The symptoms of a brain injury often appear just after a blow to the head. The symptoms may be subtle and easy to miss, especially for the person with the brain injury.
Brain injuries are classified into mild, moderate, and severe categories. Signs of a mild brain injury may include brief unconsciousness, headache, confusion, and dizziness, blurred vision, ringing in the ears, mood changes and memory or concentration problems.
When a brain injury is moderate to severe, signs and symptoms may include an ongoing headache, vomiting, nausea, seizures, slurred speech, dilated pupils, loss of coordination, confusion and weakness or numbness in the arms or legs.
Effects of a Brain Injury
Brain injuries are among the more devastating and debilitating injuries sustained in accidents. TBI can cause a number of cognitive, emotional, behavioral and social impairments. Accidents can permanently damage the brain and affect the injured person’s daily life and the basic bodily functions.
Outcomes range from full recovery to permanent disability. Treatment may include surgeries, physical therapy, recreational therapy, speech therapy, occupational therapy and medications.
Brain injury victims may be unable to function without constant care and support. They may also be unable to work or are forced to work limited hours. That can make it difficult to pay for the medical and rehabilitative care they need.
Contact an Experienced Orange Country Brain Injury Attorney
With the stakes so high in a brain injury case, turn to an experienced legal advocate who will fight tirelessly on your behalf. With more than 30 years of experience and over $750,000,000 recovered for injured clients, Avrek Law Firm attorneys know what it takes to achieve top results. To schedule a free case review, contact us online or call Avrek today.